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The idea of this review initially arose when I was studying for the neurology board examination myself. I was surprised by the lack of review books in a question-and- answer format to help me assess my progress and identify areas of weakness. The few neurology reviews that did have multiple-choice questions were intended for medical students preparing for the USMLE, and they lacked the depth and breadth required for the neurology board examination.

Additional impetus for this book came from my years of teaching. My experience in teaching medical students, neurology residents, and fellows has been that they appreciate multiple-choice questions combined with didactic teaching. For that reason, I developed several board-style questions at the end of most of my lectures, encouraging my listeners to integrate the information they had just heard. Many of my students, residents, fellows, and even colleagues asked me whether there was a book in question-and-answer format that could be used as a tool in preparing for neurology board certification/recertification. The format of the present work simulates the board examination and serves as an excellent tool for highlighting subjects of strength, pinpointing areas of weakness, and sharpening knowledge that has already been acquired.

In preparing the third edition of this book, I was driven not only by recent changes in the question format of the neurology board examination and the steady advances in nearly all aspects of neurology over the past 5 years, but also by the response my work had received from its readers. I am grateful for their positive comments. Furthermore, as I reviewed the first and second editions in preparation for the third, I recognized clearly that very significant and exciting changes had recently occurred in the neurology and neuroscience fields.

This book is not designed to substitute for the didactic lectures, seminars, and conferences offered during residency or fellowship training. Rather, it is meant to augment residents' experiential learning, reinforce their self-assessment and growth, and better prepare them for the certification examination of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.

The book is divided into 18 chapters, including one new chapter devoted to neurocritical care, and at least 10 new vignettes added to each of the previously published 17 chapters, thus providing comprehensive coverage of the neurology board topics. The content represents an almost total rewrite of the first two editions, with new question formats, numerous color illustrations, and updated answers and citations reflecting the current literature and the most recent advances.

The best way to go through this book is to follow these steps:

  • First read the question without reading the answer choices (A to E) and guess the answer based on the information offered by the question.

  • Then read the answer choices (A to E); these may confirm or refute the answers you have already developed. If your first answer proves wrong, choose another possible answer from the remaining choices.

  • Go to the answer section of the chapter, check if your answer is correct, and read the answer.

The answers offer a comprehensive review of the different question choices. Whether or not you answered the question correctly, I strongly advise you to go in depth through the incorrect choices to find out why they are incorrect by consulting the answer references or other references. They will enlarge the knowledge provided by the question and help to identify any hidden weakness in your knowledge base.

I am indebted to my family, who allowed me the luxury of time to produce this third edition and who carried most of my personal daily workload with understanding.

In this third edition, I involved several junior faculties and fellows in writing the new vignettes and the neurocritical care chapter. I would like to thank all of them for the outstanding job.

I am grateful for Dr. Jeffry Kornitzer and Dr. Hussam Yacoub, not only for writing several new vignettes, but also for reviewing and editing the final version of this third edition.

I am also grateful for the assistance of the editorial and publishing staff of McGraw-Hill throughout the preparation of this third edition.

I hope you have fun studying for the neurology board via the multiple-choice question-and-answer study approach.

Nizar Souayah, MD, FAAN

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