Skip to Main Content

We have a new app!

Take the Access library with you wherever you go—easy access to books, videos, images, podcasts, personalized features, and more.

Download the Access App here: iOS and Android


Complementary and integrative health (cih) interventions, as operationalized by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH) and the Veteran Health Administration (VHA) (VHA Directive, 2017–1137), includes a diverse group of treatments, many of which are already in use by the public. The World Health Organization has noted that between 65% and 80% of the global population uses some form of alternative or complementary medicine.1 Oftentimes, such practices are combined with accepted Western medicine practices, and therefore the term “complementary” (as opposed to “alternative” in which the treatment replaces traditional allopathic medical management) has been used. A brief overview of such practices is provided in Table 47–1.

Table 47–1Overview of Complementary Health Interventions

Pop-up div Successfully Displayed

This div only appears when the trigger link is hovered over. Otherwise it is hidden from view.